Articulation of Learning Goals

Learning goals identify the most important outcomes for the course, form the basis for designing assessments/assignments, and provide transparency for students. Learning goals should be written so as to communicate clearly how the students will demonstrate learning. Learning goals are best formulated with specific reference to behaviors or performances that can be observed. Verbs such as apply, analyze, identify, compare, critique, etc. allow instructors and students to establish clear connections between learning goals and assignments/assessments. More general terms, such as appreciate or understand, though indicating desirable outcomes, are not concrete enough to communicate what students should be able to do in the stated areas.

Examples of clearly articulated learning goals:

Additional Resources: